Guided wave radar technology is similar to through-air radar in terms of setup and operation. GWR devices are typically installed at the top of a tank with a probe (often called a waveguide) extending inside the tank and contacting the product inside. The sensor sends a concentrated radar pulse down the probe and that pulse hits the product and reflects back up the probe to the sensor. Electronics integrated into the sensor then use the pulse’s travel time to calculate distance. That distance correlates to a level measurement.
A guided wave sensor is one example of time-domain reflectometry (TDR). A TDR sensor measures reflections along a conductor – in this case, the probe conducting the radar pulse.
What are the advantages of guided wave radar?
Guided wave radar technology is ideal for a variety of applications because it is unaffected by fluctuations in
- or density
Setup is simple and safe, making commissioning and retrofitting virtually effortless. In addition to level, guided radar sensors can measure the interfaces of liquid separation layers. This is called interface measurement.
One major benefit of guided wave radar instruments is their excellent performance in applications where foam is present. The highly-concentrated radar pulse gives a very precise continuous reading through foam. Other level measurement technologies perform inconsistently or fail altogether in such difficult applications. Guided wave radar sensors are also the best means of level measurement in a stilling tube or bypass system.